Popes of the Benandante Inquisition
© By Rev. Ariana Clausen – Vélez
This is a listing of the Popes that resided in the Holy See, during the time of Night Battles, by Carlos Ginzburg.
Popes of the Catholic Church 1447-1676, a time when the Benandante, were being denunciated. 32 Popes in all, however, only 6 were mentioned by name directly during the time of the Benandante Inquisitions, in Carlos Ginzburg’s Night Battles, of those 6 I believe only one was a friend of the Benandante.
Nicholas V 1447-1455; born Tomaso Parentucelli on 15 Nov 1397 to 24 March 1455, from Sarzana, Liguria, Italy, located on the N.W. coast of Italy. His chart exists of the following; Scorpio Sun, Gemini Moon Mercury in Scorpio, Venus in Sagittarius, Mars in Capricorn, Jupiter in Leo and Saturn in Sagittarius.
Parentucelli became a tutor in the families of the Strozzi and Albizzi, where he made the acquaintance of the leading humanist scholars. The family of Strozzi was married into the Medici family and the Albizzi family were rivals of the Medici. Moreover, during the time of Nicholas V tutoring of the two families he met and learned of the humanist theology. He was of knowledge and within his personal library held many books [approx nine thousand] from Greek, Pagans, and Christianity, upon his death these ended up in the Vatican library. He passed over on the Feast of Gabriel. Under the generous patronage of Nicholas V, humanism made rapid strides as well. The new humanist learning had been looked on with suspicion in Rome, a possible source of schism and heresy, an unhealthy interest in paganism. Nicholas V instead employed Lorenzo Valla as a notary and kept hundreds (confirm; this seems high) of copyists and scholars, with the special aim of wholesale translations of Greek works, pagan as well as Christian, into Latin, giving as much as ten thousand gulden for a metrical translation of Homer. This industry, coming just before the dawn of printing, contributed enormously to the sudden expansion of the intellectual horizon.
Nicholas V founded a library of nine thousand volumes. The Pope himself was a man of vast erudition, and his friend Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, later Pope Pius II (1458–1464), said of him that “what he does not know is outside the range of human knowledge”. Lorenzo Valla was to be denunciated before the Inquisition, on his beliefs, however, charges were dropped.
Nicholas V, is one of the six mentioned in Night Battles, pg 177 ~ 31/2nd paragraph; on 1 August 1451, addressed a bull to Hugo Lenoir, the Inquisitor General of France, exhorted him to pursue and punish ‘sacrilegos et divinatores, etaim si haeresim non sapiant manifeste. This gave Inquisitors the possibility of arrogating to themselves cases involving simple superstition, as in fact occurred in many instances. In 1452, Nicholas V wrote Dum Diversas, granting the king of Portugal the right to reduce any “Saracens, Muslims, pagans and any other unbelievers” to hereditary slavery. This papal bull legitimated the colonial slave trade that begun at this times with the expeditions of Henry the Navigator for exploring a sea route to India, which were financed with African slaves. This approval of slavery was reaffirmed and extended in his papal bull Romanus Pontifex [condoning slavery of those who were non Catholics and carried this over into Africa, the beginning of slave trading] of 1455.
On an interesting note the current Pope Benedict XVI born Ratzinger was appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising on the same day as Nicholas V died Feast of Gabriel, 24 March 1977, and both years ,1455 and 1977 add up to the number 6.
Pius II 1458 – 1464; born Enea Silvio Piccolomini on 18 October 1405 and died 14 August 1464, from Corsignano, Italy, Toscana region.
In 1435 he went on a mission to seek out an object in which to this day is not known to Scotland under the order of Cardinal Albergati, Eugene IV. This journey left such an impression on him that he from that day swore to walk barefooted to the nearest shrine of Our Land from their landing port. I think this was a journey in search of the secret location of Mary Magdalene. During the time of the Benandante, he called for a new crusade against the Ottoman’s which is dated 26 September 1459 and it lasted three years.
He also had high regard as well as a strong influence on Vlad III Dracula, in starting a war against Mehmed II. He gave the new King of France, Louis XI, to abolish the Pragmatic Sanction of Borjas, by which the Pope’s authority in France had been grievously imjpaired. He was able to adapt to surrounding circumstances and was of a kind heart. He had a pure soul. A friend to the Strega/Benandante.
Pope Clement VIII, born Ippolito Aldobrandini; born on 24 February 1536 and died 3 March 1605.
Murdered Filippo “Giordano” Bruno, 17 February 1600. One year later had Menocchino put to death, for he himself had created a cosmology, holding that all life evolved like rotten cheese, there is mention of this Inquistion in The Cheese and the Worms, by Carlos Ginzburg. He was also against the Jews he confirmed an already written bull that all Jews were to live in ghetto Rome, Ancona, and Avignon, thus making sure they stayed out of Rome.
Later in life suffered gout, I wonder why, ass hole. He also declared coffee the “bitter invention of Satan” because of its popularity with the Muslims. He ended up saying we should cheat the devil by baptizing it.
Paul V, born Camillo Borghese, on 17 September 1550 and died 28 January 1621 [died the same day as Henry VIII]. Married into the family of Clement VIII.
Paul met with Galileo Galilei in 1616 after Cardinal Bellarmine had, on his orders, warned Galileo not to hold or defend the heliocentric ideas of Copernicus. Whether there was also an order not to teach those ideas in any way has been a matter for controversy. A letter from Bellarmine to Galileo, however, states only the injunction that the heliocentric ideas could not be defended or held; this letter was written expressly to enable Galileo to defend himself against rumors concerning what had happened in the meeting with Bellarmine. Galileo on the other hand went inside the church to hide, allthewhile still practicing his theology.
He also excommunicated anyone who was not of the Catholic faith and that covered all of Venice at that time, and in rebellion of the Pope’s decision the Jesuits, Theatines, and the Capuchin celebrated the Feast of Corpus Christi, which is mentioned in Night Battles as one of the Ember Days in which we the Benandante go out and fight for the harvests to prosper against the malandante. Corpus Christi is a time which is known on today’s calander as Lent during the time of the Christian fast, 4 Feb to 10 March. The Jesuits, Theatines and Capuchin are all off shoots of the Francisan Order, which honoured St. Francis of Assisi. St. Francis is the saint of sick and poor and later travelled to Egypt, Syria and many other countries to to convert people. His order at the time, was the only order to accept Women.
Paul was also guilty of guilty of nepotism, and his nephew Cardinal Scipione Borghese wielded enormous power on his behalf, consolidating the rise of the Borghese family.
Innocent X; born Giovanni Battista Pamphilj 6 May 1574 and died 7 January 1655.
His nephew being the Cardinal Francesco Barberini of the Capchuin friars, who was one of few in charge of the Michele Soppe Inquistion. Friar Francesco Barberini wrote to the Inquisitor of Aquileia on 11 December 1649, Michele Soppe’s crimes are extremely serious, but he cannot be sentenced to the maximum penalty unless the crimes of infanticide to which he confessed are verified. Then again on 18 December, Cardinal Francesco Barberini himself explained why the Congregation was dissatisified with the manner in which the trial against Soppe had been carried out. Night Battles, by Carlos Ginzburg, pg 125 sec 12, pg 126 is the letter.
However, later Francesco Barberini and his brother had to flee to Paris to avoid punishment for false charges of misapproiating funds. The Barberini family honoured the Goddess as was evidence in the art in which the family inquired.
The Pope in this case, however, did view and discuss this case, but wanted more verified proof of the charges against Michele Soppe. I do not feel the Pope himself was a friend, though he was through in the investigation before taking action, on the other hand Cardinal Francesco Barberini was a friend.
Guido Reni’s archangel Michael (Capuchin church of Santa Maria della Concezione, Rome) tramples a Satan with the vividly recognizable features of Pope Innocent X.
Clement X born Emilio Bonaventura Altieri on 13 July 1590 and died 22 July 1676.
Clement X, on the 24th of November, 1673, beatified nineteen martyrs of Gorcum, taken prisoner at Gorcum, the Netherlands, and put to death in Brielle on the 9th of July, 1572, in hatred of the Catholic faith, the primacy of the Pope, the Roman Church, and the Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist.
Of the nineteen Gorcum martyrs, eleven were Franciscan priests; Peter Ascanius and Cornelius Vican, laymen; one Dominican, two Premonstratensian monks, a regular canon of Saint Augustine, and four secular parish priests.
The only mention of him in Night Battles in the later part of the Appendix pg 203, sec 17 # 82 that Clement X extended to the entire Church the right to take part in the Feast of Angels.
He died of gout also. Seems many of the Pope’s died from gout.
The other thirty one Pope’s during this time were not mentioned by acts within the Night Battles, as I do not feel that took these Inquisitions to heart as many were friends if not themselves Strega/Benandante. Many, however, were of the families of the Medici, Sforza and Borja. Others were of the Francisan Order and others came from regions in which Benandante were denunciated.
Then of course Clement the VII was dealing with Henry VIII at the time with his desire of annuling the Queen of England Katherine of Aragon. Later on as we near the end of beginning of the 1600’s the Holy Office was more concerned with bringing to the Inquisition Galileo and others who spoke of the Sun’s position being the centre of the Universe.
Source of Information
Wikipedia, online free encylopaedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
The Secret Archives of the Vatican, by Maria Luisa Amrosini with Mary Willis
Dictionary of Saints, by John Delaney