Fairy and Underworld Beings


Mandrake: European Mandrake Image

Ruled by: Mercury, Uranus, Pluto

Invocatory: Diana, Ishtar, Aphrodite, Circe and Saturn

Element: Water/Earth

Gender: Feminine

Gemstone: Quartz

Tarot: The World

Common Names: Gallows, Devil’s Apples, mayapples, mandragona, manikin, herb of Circe.

The American Mandrake is a completely different species from the European Mandrake.
Mandrake is used in rituals to aid in protection, love, money and health. It is used in the form of incenses or sachets and you may also use the root to hang above mantels in your house for protection. When using Mandrake Root in spell work it requires a 3 day soaking period to wake up the root, this is done in rain water or spring water.

It is used as an aphrodisiac, but poisonous if taken internally and could be terminal.

The Cherokee use mandrake for a very different purposes and in all the elements for various forms of healing and magick. In the direction of north it is referred to as Spleenwort [Aspenium playneuron]. It is an evergreen fern and was used with other plants in a formula as eyewash. Another plant called mandrake [Mandragora officinarum] was used for treating skin conditions and warts. In the East, South and West direction they use one of the other forms of mandrake, called the Mayapple [Podophyllum peltatum]. It is called Indian apple or mandrake, and is used in “special Medicine”. Like sunflower and evening primrose, Cherokee myths hold mayapple as sacred. Mayapple is a member of the Bayberry family, along with twinleaf in the West Medicine and blue cohosh in the East. Mountain folks used it to treat cancer and as a liver tonic. In the South Mayapple is used for the treatment of warts and mixed with dandelion to apply to warts as well. The mountain folks were also aware that the mayapple root was poisonous, except for the ripe fruit.

Mayapple grows abundantly in damp wooded areas in the Appalachian and Smokey Mountains. The plant has distinctive umbrella-shaped leaves with a single white flower that blooms in May and a yellow berry that is ripe in July and August. The rhizomes were used as a laxative. The Penobscot of Main used it for certain cancers, along with periwinkle. Today mayapple is used to treat planter warts and as a treatment for cancer and tumors.

In the west direction it is known by the Cherokee name of oo ne ski u ke and has a large leaf and a single white flower. An elder said do not touch the leaves with your bare hands because they are poisonous, but the fruit is good. To dig them out you learn to use a wood spatulalike piece made of laurel to dig with, then you dry and crush it to make Medicine. In the old days it was used to purge the body of ails. The women prefer to use it for themselves and their children, roasted, and even use it on difficult sores to heal.

Warning: Mayapple contains agents that are irritating to the skin. Do not use mayapple without the guidance of a person trained in its handling and use. This member of the Barberry family should not be used during pregnancy.
In Rome by a senatorial decree it is considered Illegal and is so titled Illegal Aphrodisiacs and Abortifacients. It is the magickal substance “venemo” that is forbidden by Roman law, According to Pliny, Natural History XXV.95, XXVII.2, XXIX.23, cf. Quintlilian, Declamations 7.4; 8.5.

It is associated to the Goddesses of Aphrodite/Venus and Hecate/Trivia, as you can see it is associated to both the light and dark aspects of the Goddess. However, do note that it is also associated to the Love Goddess in Egypt, which is Hathor.
It was the sacred plant of Aphrodite and was the golden apple that was the centre of her garden. It was identified with or equal to henbane, because of Aphrodite’s characteristics and effects.

Mandrake is important herb to witchcraft and gynaecological medicine. It served midwives since antiquity to increase sexual desire, to promote fertility, and pregnancy, to ease birth, to numb caesarean section, to kill the fruits of life in abortion, and to expel a stillborn.

The mandrake is also known by the names of “circeon, Mandragora Circaea, antimelon [in place of the golden apple], others called it kirkaia, dirkaia [plant of Circe/Kirke].

Mandrake is also interpreted as Moly. There are two kinds of mandrake the white which is associated to the male aspect and the black which is associated to the feminine aspect. Pliny states that when the seed is white the plant is called by some arsen, by other morion, and by others hippophlomos. [Pliny, Natural History XXV.147].
According to Apollodorus [second century B.C.E], the most important scholar of this time, it was the klrkata rixa, the plant of Circe, that was an amulet against the black magick of Pasiphae, a daughter of the Sun God Helios [Circe too was his daughter].

It was one of the key ingredients in the salves or flying ointments that Witches in the Middle Ages used. Here is a thought, what if we today made this blend and used it but under the watch of someone who monitored us. We could travel to many places and learn many things from our ancestors.

During Christian times the root of this herb was called Hexenkraut [witches’ wort], Unhold Wurzel [monster root], or Satan’s apple. In German it was called Alraune. It was treasured as a panacea that it was called Artz-wurxel [doctor root], “this is a term used by Williram von Ebersber in his exegesis to the Song of Solomon in 1060”. In the 16th century a wise woman or a witch was called an Alraundelberin [mandrake bearer]. Those who kept it in the home were said to have connections of the present and future.

Mandrake wine was used to treat insomniacs in the Middle Ages and early modern era. Many women were persecuted and exiled from villages and towns due to the use of mandrake.

Herb Craft, by Anna Franklin
Witchcraft Medicine Healing Arts, Shamanic Practices, and Forbidden Plants, by Claudia MÜller-Ebeling, Christian Ratsch, and Wolf-Dieter Strol
The Cherokee Herbal, by J.T. Garret


The Place Between the Worlds

©By Anna Franklin
Visit Anna Franklin’s Site
Used w/Permission

“I conjure thee, O circle of power, that thou mayest be a meeting place of love and joy and truth….”
So begins the invocation off the magic circle. It is well known that magicians and witches work within ‘magic circles’, but very few people realise why – including many who use circles on a regular basis.

When the magician casts a circle, he or she creates a space apart from ordinary life: an interface between the mundane plane of waking consciousness and the realm of the gods and spirits, which we might call the Otherworld. When he or she enters the circle he leaves the ordinary world behind and enters a domain apart: a realm of sacred space and time. Indeed, time often flows differently in the circle, and when the magician leaves it after what may seem a few minutes, many hours may have passed in reality. This recalls stories of sojourns in fairyland – another word for the Otherworld.

When the magic circle is properly built, cast and invoked, it becomes the universe in microcosm i.e. it creates in miniature the entire cosmos. The complete circle represents its oneness, while the divisions of the circle stand for the passing of time and the seasons, the space in which the universe exists, and the substances and energies of which it is made. Every item used within the circle has a symbolic and magical resonance that reinforces these ideas and connections.

Whatever the magician performs within this magical microcosm will be reflected in the macrocosm, or in other words, each ritual act will be made manifest in the macrocosm, whether it is the re-enactment of a seasonal myth or an act of sympathetic magic. Since the circle is also the externalisation of the inner world of the magician and intimately connected with him, any act performed within the circle causes deep changes in the consciousness of the magician him or herself.

The circle is always a place of power, from the wheel of the chakra to the sacred ring of a stone circle. It is a universal symbol of wholeness and completion. When Christian missionaries reached the Native Americans, they asked the people how they saw God and, in answer, they drew the circle of the feathered sun, red feathers pointing both inwards and outwards, showing energy moving both in to the centre and outwards to the circumference, containing everything. In Buddhism the circle developed into the mandala, used for contemplation and visualisation. It represents everything and is a maze through which the meditator travels. The centre of the circle is the sky-door which is a means of reaching heaven or Nirvana.

The whole circle symbolises continuity, eternity, completion and spacelessness: the absence of time and space. As it symbolises what is complete and unbroken, it also symbolises the Deity.

But the circle can be divided: halved, quartered, or separated into degrees and so on. However, far from symbolising dissolution and imperfection, when these fractions are contained within the circle they represent the balance and harmony of such divisions. Think of the famous yin yang symbol, which represents the reconciliation of opposites within the whole. Within the circle, opposites [such as day and night, summer and winter] are united. Within the circle their division is not absolute, but each gives rise to the other, reconciled in the circle of unity.

The Celtic cross [a circle with an equal-armed cross within it] is a pre-Christian symbol representing the circle quartered through the compass points of north, east, south and west. It is an ancient symbol of the sun, which appears to us as a circular disc, passing through each house of the zodiac during the year, strengthening and weakening as it goes, spinning through time and each of the seasons in turn. Thus, the quartered circle represents movement, time, and the passing of the four seasons. It is equal-armed and characterises the balance and harmony of these within the unity of the circle.

The four main compass points of the circle are called the cardinal points. When the magic circle is drawn, it is aligned to the cardinal points of the compass- north, south, east and west. This is not merely symbolic, and the east of the circle should be aligned with the real east and so on. The flow of earth power is north to south. The North Star stands still at the north of the circle and for the Celts it was Caer Arianrhod, the Castle of the Silver Wheel, the entrance to the Otherworld and the place of death and rebirth. The circle must be oriented with the energies of the cosmos.

When the circle is cast by the magician, each direction is invoked in turn and the circle is thus spatially orientated. This operation is often called the summoning or invocation of the Watchtowers.

Each position around the perimeter of the circle represents a position in the station of the sun throughout the year, a stage in the cycle of life:

The north is the point of the circle associated with the winter solstice [Yule], cold, darkness, midnight, starlight, old age and death. However, it is also the point of regeneration, rebirth and life through death, as it is at the winter solstice that the sun is reborn. It then gains strength and grows stronger up until the summer solstice. The north is associated with the element of earth.

The east is the point of the circle associated with the spring equinox. The east is associated with sunrise, dawn and gestation, the beginning of growth; a time of green youth. It is connected with the element of air. In a stone circle oriented to the vernal equinox, the sun will rise directly in the east, over the east stone at the equinox.

The south is the point of the circle associated with the summer solstice, with the zenith of the sun’s strength, midday, with things beginning to ripen, with maturity and the prime of life. It is connected with the element of fire.

The west is the point of the circle associated with the autumn equinox and the completion of the harvest, with twilight, sunset, completion and decline. It is associated with the element of water.

Though there are possible correspondences for every degree of the circle, witches generally concern themselves with four more, the cross quarters:
North east marks the point of Imbolc
South east marks the point of Beltane
South West marks the point of Lughnasa
North West marks the point of Samhain

It should be obvious that there are more than two dimensions possible within the circle. The celestial realms of above, and the underworld realm of below stand above and below the circle, and their powers are called upon, drawn through the axis mundi of the circle as the first step of its casting. Thus the invoked circle is not a two dimensional object, but a sphere, extending below ground and above, in which the magician operates.

The central point represents the place where all powers meet, where all times and places are one. For the Celts it was the spiral or glass castle, a place of regeneration and rebirth. The axis through the centre links all the realms and times. The cardinal points are often called the quarters, which are further associated with the four elements. These are invoked when the circle is cast, so that the ring becomes a place of balanced energies.

The four roads [the four Royal Roads of Power] coming from the cardinal points meet at the centre of the circle. This point becomes the axis mundi, the centre of all things where all times and places are one, from which all things are accessible. It may be symbolised by the pillar, the shaman’s ladder, the world tree or cauldron of renewal. The centre is the place of initiation and rebirth. The spiral or maze dance within the circle moves to the centre, representing death, to the centre to the point of renewal, and outwards again in rebirth.
[This is only one method of casting a circle, and there are many others, but the principle of establishing a boundary between the mundane world and a sacred space where ritual acts are carried out remains the same.]

Set up the altar in the northern quarter of the circle. A low table or chest can be employed as an altar. This should be placed in the north [you might need a compass to fine the cardinal points]. Cover it with a white cloth. Place three candles in holders on the altar. A dish of salt and a dish of water are placed near the front. You will also need a knife which you keep for ritual purposes, which some people call an athame. You can also decorate the altar with seasonal flowers. Place a dish of incense on it.

A candle is placed in each of the quarters, the colours chosen help to resonate with the vibration of that quarter- green for the north [earth], yellow for the west [air], red for the south [fire] and blue for the west [water]. If you can’t get these you can use white candles, but the more you can re-enforce the imagery the more it helps your visualisation. Some people also like to place something that represents the elements in the quarters- a dish of earth in the north, the incense in the east, a flame or candle in the south, a dish of water in the west.

Check that you have everything you need within the circle [remember the matches!] before you start, as once the circle is cast, you will not be able to leave to get it.

Light the incense. The first act that must be performed is to establish the boundaries of the circle. Take the knife and beginning in the north draw the circle round the room. Remember where the point of the knife draws will be the edge of the circle. Include in the circle all the things and people you wish to be within the circle.

I conjure the O circle of power that thou mayest be a meeting place of love and joy and truth a boundary between the world of me and the realms of the Otherworld, containing the power that we shall raise within thee, but a shield and protection against our enemies, both visible and invisible.

Take the knife and place the tip in the bowl of salt saying:
Be this salt dedicated to the Lord and Lady [or whatever deities you call upon] to keep us from evil and protect us in this time.

Take the knife again and place the tip in the bowl of water:
Be this water dedicated to the Lord and Lady [or whatever deities you call upon] to keep us from peril and to purify this place.
Tip the water into the salt and mix them together. Sprinkle clockwise [deosil] around the circle saying:

May we cast from us all evil and darkness, viciousness and malice. May we become that which we must be before the Lord and Lady [or whatever deities you call upon], seeking ill to no one. May we be clean within and without so that we are acceptable before them.

Finish by sprinkling each person in turn.

Next connect the circle to all three realms. Take the knife and stand in the centre of the circle. Point it above and say:
Powers of the worlds above, I do summon, stir and call you up to guard our circle and to witness our rites.
Bring the knife down in a straight line and point it downwards. Say:

Powers of the worlds below, I do summon, stir and call you up to guard our circle and to witness our rites.

The watchtowers are then invoked. Take the knife and begin in the north. The casting of the circle is always begun in the north as this is the place of power that flows from north to south, so the power gateway is opened. Many people do not begin the invocations until reaching the east, as this is the direction of vocalisation. Draw a pentacle in the east and say:
Oh mighty powers of the east, I do summon, stir and call you up to guard our circle and to witness our rites.
Repeat this in the south, west, and north.

Return to the altar and consecrate the altar candles with the words:
I consecrate these candles that they shall represent light and knowledge within this circle.
Light the candles and take one round to light all the quarter candles. If you wish you can carry the dish of incense around the circle.

The work of the ritual is now performed.

When all is finished the circle is dissolved. Take the knife and cut through the boundary of the circle near the east and say:
Mighty powers of the east, thank you for guarding our circle and for witnessing our rites. I bless you in the name of the Lord and the Lady [ or whatever deities you call upon].
Repeat in all the other directions. Cut through the centre and thank the powers of above and below.
Put out the candles and dismantle the temple.



The Birth and Song of Apollo
Latona our Goddess was swollen heavy with the seed of Heaven. She crossed the Tigris-Euphrates River in the pangs of labour. As she reached the distant shore, Her water broke, causing the first life-giving flood of inundation. Clutching the earth, she cried – and at that cry all worlds were silenced. Latona’s fingers marking the sand, and then arose the Sons of Earth, who danced the dance of sword and shield.
In the course of time, Latona gave birth to the Moon Diana and to the Sun Apollo. They were the Twin Wolves ever by the side of our Mistress of the Night.
The isles of Greece! the isles of Greece!
Where burning Saphho loved and sung,
Where grew the arts of war and peace,
Where Delos rose and Phoebus sprung!
To the light and rays of the Mighty Sun.
Protected by Jupiter and Neptune alike
Bring his son to this Earth to heal Mankind.
The Golden Wolf of The Sun is he,
Sol Invictus, Apollo, Phoebus, Delphinus and Lucifer,
Bringer of Light, healer to all, poet, musican
Apollo is of all
As upon this night of honour to Apollo,
We stand before He, our God, our Sun God
We venerate, honour, work and serve he.
As his rays now again to awaken and to rise,
Let the Sun God Awaken and been so seen by all eyes.
As it is our song to thee Apollo, Phoebus, Sol Invictus, Lucifer
We honour thee.
Hymn to Apollo
How Apollo’s laurel sapling shakes!
How the whole temple shakes! Away, away with the wicked!
It must be Phoebus kicking at the door with his fair foot.
Do you not see? The Delian palm nods gently,
All of a sudden; the swan sings beautifully in the air.
Bolts of the doors thrust yourselves back.
Keys–open the doors! For the god is no longer far away.
So, young men, prepare yourselves for singing and dancing.
Apollo appears not to all, only to the good.
He who sees him is great; who does not is lowly.
We will see you, Worker from Afar, and we will never be lowly.
Let the cithara not be silent.
Nor your step noiseless with Apollo approaching, you children,

Black Moon

Black Moon
By Ariana Silver
© 2003 May
Updated 2009 July
To reprint this article contact author for written permission at csolarwolf1@aol.com

What is the Black Moon, is it another term for Dark Moon? No. Black Moon is when two Dark cycles occur in one given month. It is believed that the time of a Black Moon is a time of great power within the spiritual realms and any magic worked/cast on this night is especially powerful. Black Moons occur once every six to eight years and vary at the time of the year when they appear. The last Black Moon occurred in 2003 May 1st and 30th are the days of the two dark cycles. Previous years are December 1986, June 1992, and October 1997.

This year the Black Moon occurs under the sun sign of Taurus, as well as the Moon rising of Taurus. What does this mean? Well, that magic performed on this night needs to focus on characteristics of Taurus magic. Earth Element, The Bull, Venus, the colour green and Gaia, Isis and Osiris, Cerridwen, Bull of Minos, and Hecate who is ruler of the darker aspects of magic. Hecate is also the ruler of the Underworld who commands death and reincarnation and is the primeval dark mother.
Magic performed in a Black Moon is much of the same as the Dark Moon, only you are performing with a higher level of spiritual energy. So what magic can be performed under a Taurus Black Moon? Well, spells for prosperity, security, love, music and the arts all work good in this moon. Taurus also rules bindings, strength, endurance, and patience. Planting and Farming are good as well as consecrating ones pentacle. Now, magic worked under a Taurus Moon is best performed on a Full Moon, but in the case of the Black Moon you would perform this magic in the opposite of gaining, but releasing anything that is hindering you in these areas of your life. All things associated with our earthly nature are ruled under Taurus. So, if you are having issues with your sex life, this would be a good time to banish or bind the negative energies that surround your life in this area. Work spells that call upon dealing with intimate sexual issues, and physical connection, physical possessions, greed and wealth. Focus on removing what is hindering you in these areas, be it that you are in need of bettering your circumstances or removing circumstances that are in your way and not benefiting you at this time.

The next Black Moon shall occur in the year 2011 during the month of July, the first of the Black Moon’s shall be on the 1st day of July ruled by a Gemini Moon and the second New Moon making it a Black Moon shall be on the 30th day of July, ruled by the Moon in Cancer. Typically, the New Moons are ruled by the same as the ruling Sun in this case the New Moon on the 1st of July should actually be in Cancer not in Gemini as this is during the time of the Sun Sign of Cancer and the second New Moon {Black Moon} is ruled by Cancer Moon when it is during the Sun Sign of Leo, suffice to say that the New Moon of the 1st should be ruling Moon Cancer and the Black Moon of the 30th should be ruling Moon Leo, yet when we look at the Ephemeris both days are ruled by a Cancer Moon.

Yet, one must be wise and careful when working magic during this time, as too in Astrological terms the Black Moon is associated with L—-h, in which we do not speak or spell her name, so during this time it is best as with the Cancer energy in Sun and Moon to be watchful of your health, your children, pregnant women to be protected and to protect from fascination and temptations. Astrologically, depending with which planet she sits within shall determine her nature and what you need to watch out for as far as omens and portends.

Within the 2011 July Black Moon, she will sit in Pisces Retrograded, Pisces being ruled by Jupiter traditionally, in which normally would rule the energy of religion and the higher mind, however, the Black Moon is retrograded, which means that the energies shall be darker and more harmful with the energy being of darker, black magic being cast out into the universe. Sitting first on the 1st day of July in the fifth house, this house represents the children born, aunts, uncles, mothers, however, L—-h’s promise is to harm the children of the Adam and with it being in the child house denotes it is important to protect your children and keep them close by and away from strangers. Here too, she sits in the fixed star Mater, which is translated to mean Hollow Section, meaning no soul, this being where all evil resides.

On the 30th of July, she will sit in the fourth house which represents, the Father, families and those things associated to the those things that occur in the family structure. Here she sits in the fixed star Azelfafage also known as Pi (π) Cygnus, Azelfafage, is a star in the tail of the Swan. As we know this was one of Zeus shape shifted forms in order to lie with Leta and from this she bore twins, one child being the seed of Zeus and the other the seed of her husband, creating Pollux and Helen of Troy and the Constellation Gemini and Castor.

With this specific placement it portends to watch for those things in which are false in appearance that what you are seeing may not be what it really is false words and hidden agendas. Here Jupiter/Zeus is seen as the Dark Warrior where all the residence of dark and darkness resides. Be wise during this time. Protect your children and do not allow strangers into your life or home and watch closely those who try to drive a wedge between relationships, as throughout the entirety of the month she will move throughout all the houses created chaos and havoc.
Specific Lunar Magic

Magic in which can be performed when the New Moon is in Gemini cusp of Cancer is healing to lungs, work on anxiousness, nerves and shoulders. Also, here too is a Cazimi with the Sun and Moon, with Mercury in the same house there shall be throughout the month a change in humanity and their views about Religion. When the Black Moon is in Cancer focus on healing and balancing of moods, breasts, stomach and weight issues, here work on releasing unwanted feelings and emotions. The Moon being in the ninth house on the 1st of July here focuses on psychic workings, dreams and there will understand of the planets through mind communications as well as visions and dreams of beautiful places and positions of prestige. The Moon again on the 30th shall be in the ninth house in Leo and again with Mercury, the Sun and Venus, in which the Sun, and Venus are Cazimi which denotes a time of Prophecy and divination to occur and with Mercury and the Moon too here, shows where humanity shall be affected by Religion to some degree.

Born Old

There is a term “Born Old”, this means that one who is born old is born having learned all lessons that one is to learn in his/her lifetimes. This of course is accomplished through many lifetimes and not just one. Born old persons are born on a spiritual veil, so there powers will be easier obtained through out one’s life. One might consider that, being born old could be a time of the Black Moon, as well as either Samhain or the Winter Solstice, these are times when the veil is the thinnest and spiritual powers and energies are at the strongest.
And one will notice that these are the darker times of the station wheel, so Hecate would rule over one that was Born Old.

Herbal Associations to Hecate:

Garlic, Mandrake, Willow, Aconite, Almond, Lavender, Myrrh, Cypress, Opium Poppy, Mugwort, Hazel, Cardamon, Belladonna, Hemlock, Mint, Dandelion, Lesser Celandine, Hellebore, and Yew.

Familiar Associations to Hecate:

Bull, with the allies of the crane and the bee. Oak, mistletoe and yew. Earth and Fire, South and North, Caomhain and Yule. Bull’s Blood [black bulls wreathed in yew were sacrificed to Hecate], Dog, with the allies of the vine, earth, North East, and Samhain, also associated with lunar goddess. Frog, also called Puddock and associated allies of horsetail, stonechat, horse, and water serpent, water, West and East, Herfest and Ostara. Hare, with associated allies of broom and gorse, cat and stag, earth and fire, East to South East, Ostara and Beltaine. Owl known for wisdom, with the allies of ivy, air, Northwest, and Samhain. Toad, with the allies of sow thistle, horse, earth and North. The toad is associated with abundance and fertility. Ii is both connected lunar and Underworld. Wolf, with allies of hop, blackthorn, rowan, earth, North West to North East, Samhain to Imbolc. Hecate was also know to shapeshift into a wolf.

Now being that this year the Black Moon falls in May and is associated with Beltaine, and new beginnings, growth of seeds planted both in the earth and within ourselves. We can work magick for renewal, procreation, and fertility. This is time for those of us to begin a new journey within this station on the wheel.

In all things when working with the Other Worlds it is best if you do not know what you are doing to leave well enough alone, and when natures and energies are like this it is best to work the opposite to defeat the negative and evil with the power of the Light and Sun.

Knowledge gained from my Personal Studies
Familiars; Animal Powers of Britain, and Herb Craft; A Guide to the Shamanic and Ritual Use of Herbs, by Anna Franklin
Witches Date Book 2002, Published by Llewellyn
Secrets of Western Sex Magick, by U.D. Frater
Phases of the Moon, U.S. Naval Observatory
The Asteroid Ephemeris 1900-2050 Including Chiron and the Black Moon L—h, by Neil F. Michaelsen, Revised by Rique Pottenger
*Featured in Silver Wheel Magazine in 2003


Eko, Eko

Eko, Eko Azarak
Eko, Eko Zamelak
Eko, Eko Aradia
Eko, Eko Cernunnos (Karnayna)
Bagabi lacha bachabe
Lamac cahi achababe

Lamac, Lamac Bachalyas
Cabahagy sabalyos

Lagoz atha cabyolas
Samahac et famolas

Harrison writes:
a possible ritual word Basque English original
Eko eho kill, digest, grind
Azarak Azaroac (the) November = Samhain
Zamilak zamariac (the) horse
or) Zomelak (or) zaramat I shall transport thee
Bagabi bahe-gabe without a sieve
(or) bah’gabe

Harrison mentions that “in many a witch trial, the ability of the witches to transport themselves in a sieve is mentioned”. He also mentions that “before the discovery that hay and root-crops can feed animals through the winter, November was the time for the feast which followed the(compulsory) killing of all but the basic stock”.

possible ritual word Basque English original
Lacha laxa to wash
(pronounced either latsa/lasha)
bachabi bachera plates and dishes
Karellyos garallaz with sand
pronounced garalyaz)
Lamac lanac (the) work
Bachalyas Bacheraz with plates and dishes
Cabahagy khoporagei destined for the drinking cup
Sabalyos sabelaz with the stomach, entrails, belly, etc.
Baryolos balijoaz if they went/were to go/had gone
Lagoz lakhaz (with) a full measure/quantity
atha eta(?) and
Cabyolas khoporaz in the goblet/drinking vessel
Samahac semiac the sons
famolas familiaz (who are) with the family
Hurrahya (ritual cry) ***

*** Bodin (writing 1604/1616) reports the invitation to the witch dance
began with “Har, Har, Hou, Hou, danse ici …” Hou was a local deity;
‘Haro’ is called by Channel Islander who asks for justice.

His ‘attempt’ at translation (he claims not to be sure) of the following:

Eko, Eko Azarak
Eko Zamelak

Bagabi lacha bachabe
Lamac cahi achababe

Lamac, Lamac Bachalyas
Cabahagy sabalyos

Lagoz atha cabyolas
Samahac et famolas

is as follows <my addition is in angle brackets>:

‘Kill (the victim for the feast in) in November <Samhain>, kill!
I shall transport thee there myself, without the aid of a sieve
to scour the plates and dishes with sand; work (which must
be done) with those plates and dishes. (We shall meet our
friends) ready for the drinking cup if they shall go (to the Feast),
their bellies full with quaffing from the drinking-cup. O, Sons (of
the Master) with your Families, (shout his praises with the cry:)

I see that Samahac possibly means Samhain. Famolas could mean famous?
I further looked into Basque langueage. Euskara is the language of the Basque people and is an inflected language. The origin is unknown and it is not an Indo-European language. The Basque language developed “In Situ” in the land of primitive Basques. It is considered to be a very old language and was finally written in the 16th century. Because it took this long was it was considered a forbidden language where children and adults were actually punished using the language. Basques were Pagan. Majus are wizards and pagans. Aquitanicus of Southwestern Gaul spoke an ancestral form of Basque.

There is also a Basque Witches song.
Har Har hou hou!
Eman hetan! Eman hetan!
Har Har hou hou!
Janicot! Janicot! Janicot! Janicot!
Har har hou hou!
Yona Gorril, Yona Gorril
Akhera Goiti, Akhera Beiti

Used w/Permission from Toni B, at Traditional Stregheria Yahoo Group.


The Wolf


Lup/lupul = wolf/the wolf in Romanian; lup/lupu = to die/dead in Etruscan. Similarly, haita = wolf pack in Romanian; Aita = the god of the underworld the equivalent of Greek Hades, for the Etruscans. Etruscan funerary paintings show Aita wearing on his head the head and fur of a wolf! It is similar to the Egyptian jackal headed Upuaut/Wepwawet or Greek Ophois. Upuaut had a double role, being the god of war (just like the wolf headed Dacian banners!) and of the funerary worship, opening the way both for the troops and for the spirits of the dead.

Luptã (Romanian) = lucta (Latin) = fight. Note that the Romanian word stands from lup (wolf), the symbol from the banners of the Dacian warriors. It is not the case of the Latin word, which seems to be imported from Dacian, the Romans maintaining themselves the cult of the she-wolf, mother of Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome!

In the Balkan folk medicine and apotropaeic magic, the destructive aspect of the wolf’s mouth is symbolically turned around and used against demonic forces and diseases.

The magic act of pulling children through the wolf’s mouth in the context of birth ritual and infant care shows that the symbolism of the wolf’s mouth is connected with the female reproductive organs.

The wolf appears at the most important transitory moments in the human life cycle (birth – marriage – death).





By Cat Chapin-Bishop

There is just something about the light this time of year.

New England Fall Leaves. Editor in Law, 2010.

Of course, it helps that I live in New England, where the slanted light of autumn pours over leaves that are themselves turned gold.  There are mornings and afternoons  on my commute when it’s all I can do to watch the road.  In hurried glances, I gulp down visions: pale fields of bleaching corn,  mist that blankets meadows, and the way the sun burnishes all the leaves and the limbs of trees that hurry past my car.


Banshee i.e. Bean Sidhe

Bean Sídhe, the O’Neill Banshee banshee3

By Mac and O
You’ll always know
True Irishmen they say’.
But if they lack
The O and Mac,
No Irishmen are they’.

The Banshee is believed to be an unearthly attendant on the ancient families of Ireland, the true descendants of the noble Gaelic race – which those who have the Mac and O to their names. The banshee from the Irish bean sídhe (“woman of the side” or “woman of the fairy mounds”) is a female spirit in Irish mythology and folklore, usually seen as an omen of death and a messenger from the otherworld.

Her Scottish counterpart is the bean shìth (also spelled bean-shìdh).The aos si (people of the mounds, people of peace) are variously believed to be the survivals of pre-Christian Gaelic deities, spirits of nature, or the ancestors.

The story of the bean-sidhe began as a fairy woman keening at the death of important personages. In later stories, the appearance of the banshee could foretell death. Traditionally, when a member of an Irish village, townland, or a prestigious clan died, a woman would sing a lament (in Irish: caoineadh, or “caoin” meaning “to weep, to wail”) at the individuals funeral.

These women singers were sometimes referred to as “keeners” and the best keeners would be in much demand.  Therefore there may be a connection between these attributes and the legend of the Banshee.

As mentioned above Banshees were said to appear for particular Irish families. As, an ancestral spirit appointed to forewarn members of certain ancient Irish families of their time of death.

According to tradition, the banshee can only cry for five major Irish families: the O‘Neills, the O’Briens, the O’Connors the O’Gradys and the Kavanaghs. Intermarriage has since extended this select list.

The banshee can appear in a variety of guises. Most often she appears as an ugly, frightening hag. The hag may also appear as a washer-woman, or bean-nighe (washing woman), and is seen washing the blood stained clothes and at times the arms, limbs, heads and armour of those who are about to die in battle.

But she can also appear as a stunningly beautiful woman of any age that suits her. Some theolopist and adherents of the Celtic Christians even believe that the Banshee figures are angels who fell and were trapped on earth.

However, most believe that the three forms of women represent the triple aspects of the Celtic goddess of war and death, namely Badhbh, Macha and Mor-Rioghain.)In some tales, the figure who first appears to be a “banshee” is later revealed to be the Irish battle goddess, the Morrigan.

There is also a strong belief that the Banshee and her legned represents Ireland itself. Hence Ireland is always seen as as women or mother figure and is always protected by her sons or its most Royal clans. Therefore the Banshee weeps at the loss of her very flesh and blood year after year day after day, forever.

Banshees are frequently described as dressed in white or grey, hooded cloak or the winding sheet or grave robe of the unshriven dead and often with a silver comb.

Ancient tradition and stories state that, if you ever see a comb lying on the ground in Ireland, you must never pick it up, because the banshee/banshee’s having placed it there to lure unsuspecting humans, will spirit such gullible humans away.

Although not always seen, her mourning call is heard, usually at night when someone is about to die and usually around woods. So that the wailing of the banshee was the first warning the household had of the death. In Irish legend, a banshee wails or laments, nearby if someone is about to die.

In the old Gaelic legends, music and poetry were said to be fairy gifts and the possession of these was said to show a fatal kinship with the ‘Duine Shee’, or people of the spirit race. Therefore the skill of the lament or the song is a gift that a fairy women or Banshee should surely have of course.

The wail of the Banshee is a peculiarly mournful sound that resembles the melancholy sound of the hollow wind, and having the tone of the human voice, and is distinctly audible at a great distance. The wail depending on the area can also vary greatly and there are numerous descriptions regarding its sound.

At times it can be so piercing that it shatters glass, in Co Kerry in the southwest of Ireland, the sound is experienced as a “low, pleasant singing”; in Tyrone in the north, as “the sound of two boards being struck together”; and on Rathlin Island as “a thin, screeching sound somewhere between the wail of a woman and the moan of an owl”.With her mournful and melancholy cry, bewails the misfortune about to fall on the family she loves.

If more than one Banshee appears simultaneously then it indicates those who died was a hero or a saint. However, the singing of the Banshee will vary depending on the relationship of the Banshee with the dead person or his family.

When you have a good relationship and she will sing a song softly suggestive to entertain the family left. The Banshee will proclaim the death of someone who does not like passing a horrible scream! However it has been stated by some writers that the Banshee was actuated by a feeling inimic to the person lamented. This however was not the opinion of the people of an earlier day in Ireland.

The general belief was that the Banshee was the friend of the family she followed, that she at one period enjoyed life and walked the earth in the light and shadow of loveliness and immortality. The very fact of the unearthly creatures always crying their sweet, sad song of sorrow at some misfortune bears this out, for if otherwise than a friend, why should her song not be one of rejoicing instead of lamentation?

When the caoine or keen of the Banshee was heard in the vicinity of the house of any old Gaelic family, it was at once felt that misfortune or death awaited some member of it. Instances have been quoted of every member of a family having been in vigorous health when the cry of the Banshee was first heard, but before a week had elapsed someone had been accidentally drowned or killed or had met sudden death in some fashion.

In Ireland, those persons who have the gifts of music and song are, it is said, watched over by the spirits; one the Spirit of Life, which is prophecy, such persons are said to be ‘fey’ and to have the gift of the second sight; the other, the Spirit of Doom, which is the reveler of secrets of misfortune and death, and for this the messenger of death is another name for the Banshee.

It is well to remember that the Banshee belongs exclusively to the Celtic race. She is never heard bewailing the approaching demise of any member of the other races composing the population of Ireland,Scotland and the other few remaining Celtic countrys.

‘Hast thou heard the Banshee at morn,
Passing by the silent lake,
Or walking the fields by the orchard?
Alas! that I do not rather behold
White garlands in the hall of my fathers.’

According to legend when we are passed by a Banshee and greeted by very friendly tone, we as mere mortals can then gain their trust. Therefore she will tell us the name of family members who will die later, or to grant a request for us.

According to tradition in 1437, King James I of Scotland was approached by an Irish seer or banshee who foretold his murder at the instigation of the Earl of Atholl. This is an example of the banshee in human form. There are records of several human banshees or prophets attending the great houses of Ireland and the courts of local Irish kings.

By Lough Neagh’s shore, hard by Edenduff-Carrick, the Black Brow of the Rock, the ruined walls of the Shanes Castle still sits above the grey lake water where once in all its pride of power and ownership dwelt one of Ireland’s most powerful branches of the clan, the Clanaboy O’Neills and its Chieftains.

Here, from time immemorial, when any misfortune threatened one of the grand old race, the cry of the Banshee of the O’Neills would be heard throughout dark woods of Coile Ultagh away over the grey waters of Lough Neagh, and along the walls of the old castle echoing in the great vaults underneath and wailing over the graves of the great O’Neills.

Maeveen was the name that was on the Banshee of the O’Neills. She was some times seen as well as heard, and the form she usually assumed was that of a very old woman with long white locks falling down over her thin shoulders.The story of how Maeveen or (little- Mab) became a Banshee has always been described in the following maner

In ancient times one of the O’Neill Chiefs went to help the McQuillan chief in one of his warlike raids. On his arrival he saw a cow caught in a thorn tree. As this tree was considered sacred by the fairies, no one would cut a branch to release the poor animal.

However the O’Neill Chief did, when he and the McQuillan returned to Shanes castle. They found that the O’Neill Chieftans daughter had been dragged to the depths of Lough Neagh by the fairy folk. It was at this point that Maeveen took her unearthly position as the Clanaboy O’neills Banshee.

From then to the present day when evil threatened a member of the family. Her shriek was heard upon the shore and along the ruined walls of the castle. Legend also blames the banshee for the fire, which destroyed Shane’s Castle in 1816.

As an added note for Halloween at the time a party was being held in the castle. As the fire took hold the guest fled the building and gathered on the grounds outside.

One of the guests, a Captain Greer who was a country magistrate from Randalstown, recounted afterwards that he had seen a person dressed in armour pass by one of the upstairs’ windows several times. As the building had been evacuated by this time, there was no reasonable explanation for what the Captain saw.

The Banshee was also very shy of encountering the eye of a mortal. The slightest human sound borne on the breeze of twilight drove her from sight and caused her to disappear like a thing of the mist.

It should also be remembered that although Banshees are said to be solitary spirits. There is always meant to be more than one and each branch of the O’Neill clan is said to have its own Banshee.

Moore, in his beautiful song, asks:

‘How oft has the Banshee cried
How oft has death untied,
Bright links that glory move,
Sweet bonds entwined by love.’



Source:  Association of O’Neill Clans


Feast of Mongfind i.e. Samhain (so wín)


Many Blessed and Greetings to All this Féile Moingfhinne i.e. Feast of Mongfind, Samhain, and Feast of the Dead. This is the time in which we honour those who came before us, our Ancestors those who came from the roots and earth of the Old Religion and always remembering where they truly came from, what the spirit of family, land, and the heart truly came from, from the land of the dead from the realms hidden inside the veils of the unseen and Greater Mysteries.  Mongfind means one of fair hair or white hair, she is also of the bean sidhe and she was the Queen of Ireland Foras Feasa ar Éirinn FFE 344-351 she was the head wife of Eochaid; he took a second wife, Cairenn, who gave birth to Niall of the Nine Hostages.  Several stories depict Mongfind as an adversary of her stepson. to learn more of her visit Mongfind.

What we know today as Halloween celebrated on the 31st of October is not the original date or name of the day, the original date for what we know and call Old Samhain (originally the Feast of Mongfind) was the 15 of November when inside the constellation Scorpio is at 15° over the Northern Hemisphere.  The 31st of October was the date in which the church gave to our day in a way to stop us from our celebrating and doing our rites, this gave us only two times a year to celebrate as is the case with most if not all of our sacred rite days.  Now, this is the time when the oldest magic of conjuring, divinations, communicating with the dead and doing sorcery to honour the dead.  We now as those who follow the Old Religion at least I myself personally do, do much of the magic for healing and renewal and ask those things of Hecate to manifest in the next year (this being on her day of feast the 30th of November) and if done on her day she will grant your wish for it to manifest one year from the date of your request.  There is many forms of magic done in this time, but do so with a pure heart and be justified in the works that you do, do for only then shall they manifest as you have cast them out to the Universe.

We are of many heritages, cultures, religions, traditions and paths in our lives, ancestors and our personal spiritual journeys, we must all remember that we do not have to agree with each other and how as individuals we practice and believe, but one should respect one another for having the free spirit and mind as an individual to practice those beliefs in which are deep in the heart of each of us and not worry so much about others and how they practice. If we all step up and honour the ways of Old, or honour the Gods and Goddesses, God, Allah, Budda, Orishas or whatever you choose to follow let us remember acceptance towards all humanity and respect one another for individual beliefs.

This Samhain season as with all I am reminded of many things, death, life, change, growth, loss, gain and most importantly the powers of the nature in which not one of us have any control over. Sandy was an evil disaster one in which I know was from the wrath of the Gods and the Mother of the Oceans to remind us who truly has the say over all life. We are mere ants in this world and as descendants to those ancestors who were from the lines of the Old Religion and of the path of Warriors, justice keepers, healers, prophets, readers of the stars, visions of the hidden realms and more we must remember we are here to work together not to harm those who seek our counsel and guidance.

My Ancestors are of the Milesian and of the line of Erimon, cousins to the Tuaha de Dannan, they fought and defeated the magic of the Tuaha to then become the last of the invaders of Ireland, but not before travelling over vast lands masses, and learning the arts of the ancient craft, Mongfind was the head wife of Eochaid the High King of Ireland. Eochaid had two wife’s, Mongfind and Cairenn she was of the family of Sachell Balb, King of the Saxons. Caireen was pregnant with my ancestor Niall of Niall of the Nine Hostages captures of St. Patrick and his sister. Mongfind so jealous of Caireen sought out to prove how much she loved her husband and on what we now call Samhain drank poison to prove her love to her husband and died, hence the beginning of what we today celebrate as Samhain. Originally Feast of Mongfind and originally dated it to have begun at the time of her death circe 351.  Mongfind means fair main. As the Queen of Ireland the people honoured her death and from this is where we today get Samhain the feast of the dead. Mongfind was later turned into a deity and is the known as the Sorcerer of Magic, while Caireen is known as the Goddess who protects children.

This time of year has a much deeper rooted meaning for myself as it is the one time of the year I have always felt most drawn too, the darkest time of the year (but only because it is when the sun sits lower on the earth) when those things that are hidden are revealed and seen. I find that when we understand the meaning of our festivals we better connect to the energy of the season. The Church calls this the season of the devil; the devil never was mentioned in any ancient works that of the Old Ways in any culture, it was only after the Church forced those who lived in the county side to convert was he created by the Church itself. There in honouring the dead is to remember where we came from, our roots and the deepest core of our true heritage. Yes, it is true not all can follow this path and work magic or walk with the dead, it is a path for those whose path it is destiny to wake our fate.

True witches/Witches, Crafters of the Wise, Priests, Priestesses, Shamans, and all such titles of the old have never needed to cover their faces or decisive themselves from being seen by the dead that at this time of the year when the veil is at it thinnest walk among the living to return home and visit their loved ones, miss out on something powerful.

Samhain is a time we honour the dead and all who have given and had their lives taken for us to have the liberties we have today. During this time of the dead as well as the forever living for this is the true meaning of death, in death we live in life we are dead, take time and really give your heart some focus on what this time means to you.  For those whom you have and do love who are no longer amoung the physical realms set them a plate at the table and dine with them in silent, prepare a dish of favourite for them and invite them home.  Place their photo for all to see and talk about them and light your spirit candles for them all.  Welcome them home for in this time they do walk amongst the living Honour your Ancestors and remember them always, for they are never truly dead they are always living just not always there in the physical.

To my family and friends and those who are of my Craft family I shall miss gathering with you all in this year, but I shall see you all soon and we shall celebrate next year in honouring our ancestors.

May all be blessed in the Feast of Mongfind i.e. Samhain (so wín) Blessings, Prosperity and Health to all in the coming year.


Season 2 of WitchTalk Radio and the Ohio Valley Psychics; Airing 9 September 2014 8-9:30 EST/EDT

WitchTalk Radio Ohio Valley, LLC is a talk show about Witchcraft, with Special Guests discussing the metaphysical topic of the week. Guest musicians performing their latest tunes, with dates were they are playing. Last by not least, LIVE psychic readings by guest psychics, host Kristin Lee, or co-host Lady Moon.

We will be presenting WitchTalk Radio again with a whole new line up and discussions on the Old Religion and the Occult as well as answering your questions when you call in to talk with us directly.  Giving you insight and education as a tool to understand and grow in your path as well as educate those who would like to know more about who we are as Witches.

We look forward to presenting an exciting new line up this year and giving you our clients the opportunity to learn more as well as gain understanding and hope from the Otherside.

Follow us on BlogTalk Radio at http://www.blogtalkradio.com/witchtalk-radio

We will send out notifications of upcoming shows and our Special Guests along with the topics of discussion.  We are true and serious Witches and we take our Crafting very seriously this is our way of life everyday.

Be sure to tune in.

Many Blessings

Ohio Valley Psychics9ddd3806-4ef7-44d6-b236-da1906209f57_1238875_161581624044363_1440049974_n

Season 2 of WitchTalk is Premièring next week 9 September 2014

Stacy EllisAriana Clausen Velez & Daniel Hough.It’s that time of year again, Season 2 of Witch Talk Radio Ohio Valley, LLC!Psychic’s, metaphysical experts, paranormal teams, metaphysical authors, and musicians please submit your bio & music to Daniel Hough to be considered for this seasons show.9 September 2014BlogTalk Radio at http://www.blogtalkradio.com/witchtalk-radio  8-9:30 pm EST/EDT


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Ohio Valley Psychics Team